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TB can be deadly and can spread from person to person easily. Don’t put your life and other people’s lives in danger. Get tested. Take control of your health.


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Every year, around 245 000 Nigerians die from tuberculosis (TB), and about 590 000 new cases occur.


1 in 10

Deaths in Nigeria are a direct result of TB.


People die from the disease, despite effective treatments being available.

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs.

It is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria mainly attacks the lungs but can affect other areas of the body. TB is spread through the air when people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit. It can be fatal, but it is preventable and treatable in many cases.



  • A persistent cough that lasts for three or more weeks
  • Coughing up blood or mucus
  • Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Chills
  • Loss of appetite

Types of TB:

Latent TB

TB bacteria can live in the body without making you sick. This is called latent TB infection. In most people who breathe in TB bacteria and become infected, the body can fight the bacteria to stop them from growing. People with latent TB infection have no symptoms. Latent TB can turn into active TB, so treatment is important

Active TB

In active TB (also known as TB disease), the bacteria multiply in the body, causing noticeable symptoms. Active TB makes you sick and, in most cases, can spread to others. It can occur weeks or years after infection with the TB bacteria.

Different stages of TB:

Causes of TB

TB is a bacterial infection. The bacteria spread through the air from one person to another. The bacteria enter the air when a person with active TB in the throat or lungs talks, laughs, sneezes, or coughs.

You can’t get TB by:

• Shaking someone’s hand
• Sharing food or drink
• Sharing toothbrushes
• Touching something an infected person has touched

Frequently Asked Questions

If you are still unsure about this test, here are some questions that we usually get asked.

Still need answers?

How soon do symptoms appear?

Symptoms may occur as early as several weeks after infection, or it could take many years before a person develops TB disease. The period for the greatest risk of developing TB disease is within the first two years after infection.

When and for how long is a person able to spread TB?

A person with TB disease may be able to spread the TB germs until they have been on medicine for several weeks. However, a person with latent TB infection, but not disease, cannot spread the infection to others since there are no TB germs in the sputum (phlegm).

How can I avoid getting TB?

Exercising cough etiquette when coughing (cough in the inner part of the elbow or into a tissue/clothing). Getting a diagnosis and starting treatment early will prevent the spread of TB to others. In addition, it is recommended to wear a mask that covers the nose and mouth; and to meet outdoors or in well-ventilated areas.


When you get your test done with SYNLAB, you have access to our benefits.


Customer-centric reporting

PathProvider gives you direct access to all of your test results and reports across all your devices without having to leave your home.

Benefits of being a PathProvider registered user

  • Your profile is a secure personal space
  • Access your results any time, any day, all year round
  • Results can be checked on any smartphone, computer, or tablet
  • All your previous results are archived on your profile
  • Set your notification preferences when results are ready. Choose email or SMS.
  • Not a doctor? Switch to the popular ‘graphic view’ and get to understand your results.
  • You can share or print your results directly from your profile.

Choose home collection.

Get complete convenience

Get your results as they become available online.

We come to you. Our at-home collection service is designed to save you time and is completely confidential and discreet.

You can choose to get your entire family tested in the comfort of your own home. Choose a day and a time that is convenient for you, and we’ll send one of our trained professionals to your door.

No more sitting in traffic. Now you can manage your health in the comfort of your own home.


Total confidence.

Award-winning medical diagnostics

Accuracy of results, reliability, trust, and quick turnaround time.

We have had ISO 15189 international accreditation since 2006. Our vast experience in medical diagnostics ensures that we continue to set the benchmark for reliable, accurate, and quality analysis in Nigeria.

We are audited by an external body which ensures that we implement the highest ethical standards and international best practices.

SYNLAB was awarded the 'Private Laboratory Service Provider of the Year' in Nigeria award by the Nigeria Health Excellence Awards (NHEA).

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