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Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is one of the cancers that is highly treatable and curable if caught early. Don’t leave your health to chance. Get screened. Take control of your health.


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How it works

Order online

Order your test online, select, and pay for your preferred panel.

Collect your sample

Choose to have our medical team come in for home sample collection or visit a Synlab centre near you for your sample collection.

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Accurate and confidential results are available on your secure online Pathprovider account. You will get notified as soon as your results are available.

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If you have any queries, please contact our 24-hour customer support centre at +234 700 7284 2273.



The incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Nigeria has nearly tripled over the last 40 years.


The incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Nigeria has nearly tripled over the last 40 years.


Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths.

The colon (large intestine)  and the rectum, as part of the digestive system, function to absorb water and nutrients from our food.

The colon (large intestine)  and the rectum, as part of the digestive system, function to absorb water and nutrients from our food. They also help to store stools and remove waste. Cancer of the colorectal area occurs when cells of the colon or rectum grow out of control. Screening tests help identify abnormal growths in the colon or rectum, which may increase the risk of colorectal cancer and help identify the disease at a stage when treatment is most effective.



  • A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhoea or constipation 
  • Blood in or on your stool
  • Persistent abdominal discomforts, such as cramps, gas or pain
  • A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss

Some of the risk factors for colon cancer include:

  • Age 50 or older
  • Ethnicity
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Personal or family history of colon cancer or polyps
  • Personal history of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Some inherited genetic syndromes
  • Diet high in fat and/or low in fibre or calcium
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Heavy drinking
  • Physical inactivity

You should see a doctor if:

  • You are experiencing gastrointestinal symptoms
  • You have a history of adenomas (benign tumours)
  • You have inflammatory bowel disease* (which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis)
  • You have an inherited syndrome (e.g. Lynch syndrome/HNPCC or FAP)
  • You have type 2 diabetes
  • You have undergone radiation therapy

Frequently Asked Questions

If you are still unsure about this test, here are some questions that we usually get asked.

Still need answers?

How does colon cancer develop?

Colon cancer often begins as small growth called polyps. These polyps, which are not cancerous, usually grow slowly. Some of them may eventually become cancerous over time.

What is a polyp?

Polyps are mushroom-like growths that form when cells lining the colon grow, divide and reproduce in an unhealthy, disorderly way. Polyps can become cancerous over time, invading the colon wall and surrounding blood vessels, and spreading to other parts of the body.

Why are colonoscopies important?

A positive faecal occult blood test is not diagnostic of colorectal cancer. It is an indication of a colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is a medical procedure during which a doctor uses a scope to look inside the colon and the rectum. During this procedure, a piece of any abnormal tissue that is seen can be taken and sent for histology, where a diagnosis of cancer may be confirmed or refuted.


When you get your test done with SYNLAB, you have access to our benefits.


Customer-centric reporting

PathProvider gives you direct access to all of your test results and reports across all your devices without having to leave your home.

Benefits of being a PathProvider registered user

  • Your profile is a secure personal space
  • Access your results any time, any day, all year round
  • Results can be checked on any smartphone, computer, or tablet
  • All your previous results are archived on your profile
  • Set your notification preferences when results are ready. Choose email or SMS.
  • Not a doctor? Switch to the popular ‘graphic view’ and get to understand your results.
  • You can share or print your results directly from your profile.

Choose home collection.

Get complete convenience

Get your results as they become available online.

We come to you. Our at-home collection service is designed to save you time and is completely confidential and discreet.

You can choose to get your entire family tested in the comfort of your own home. Choose a day and a time that is convenient for you, and we’ll send one of our trained professionals to your door.

No more sitting in traffic. Now you can manage your health in the comfort of your own home.


Total confidence.

Award-winning medical diagnostics

Accuracy of results, reliability, trust, and quick turnaround time.

We have had ISO 15189 international accreditation since 2006. Our vast experience in medical diagnostics ensures that we continue to set the benchmark for reliable, accurate, and quality analysis in Nigeria.

We are audited by an external body which ensures that we implement the highest ethical standards and international best practices.

SYNLAB was awarded the 'Private Laboratory Service Provider of the Year' in Nigeria award by the Nigeria Health Excellence Awards (NHEA).

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