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Lipids

Lipids are essential for your health, but abnormal amounts of them can increase your risk of heart disease. Don’t leave your health to chance. Get tested. Take control of your health.

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STATISTICS

1 in 3

Related to noncommunicable diseases in Nigeria are a direct result of cardiovascular disease.

6M

People are living with diabetes.

#1

Diabetes kills more people in Nigeria than COVID-19, TB, HIV/AIDS, and cancer combined. 

 

Lipids are molecules that contain hydrocarbons and make up the building blocks of the structure and function of living cells. Examples of lipids include butter, vegetable oil, cheese, cholesterol and other steroids, waxes, and fat-soluble vitamins.

Lipids perform three primary biological functions within the body: they serve as structural components of cell membranes, store energy, and function as important signalling molecules. The three main types of lipids are triglycerides, phospholipids, and sterols.

Having too many lipids in your blood can lead to buildup in your blood vessels and arteries, which can cause damage and increase your risk of cardiovascular problems.

 

 

Illnesses related to lipid disorder are often asymptomatic until a person experiences a serious health problem such as a heart attack or stroke. 

However, in rare cases, the following symptoms occur: 

  • Yellowish, fatty bumps or yellow creases on the skin are formed by an accumulation of fatty deposits around tendons and joints. 
  • White arcs around the eye’s cornea, which sometimes occur in younger people with high cholesterol.
  • raised, yellow lumps at the inner corners of the eyes.

Causes of lipid disorder

A range of factors can cause lipid disorders, including genetics, foods high in certain types of fats, lifestyle, certain medical conditions, and other factors that can cause lipid disorders.A range of factors can cause lipid disorders, including genetics, foods high in certain types of fats, lifestyle, certain medical conditions, and other factors that can cause lipid disorders.

Cholesterol is one of the main lipids in the body. There are different types of cholesterol in the body, such as

High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or HDL-c or the “good” cholesterol. It removes excess cholesterol from the body and carries it back to the liver. The liver is able to flush it from the body. High levels of HDL cholesterol can lower your risk for heart disease.

Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, known as LDL-c, or “bad” cholesterol, normally functions in the body to transport cholesterol from the liver to the body’s tissues where it is used to make other important substances like hormones for the body. When in excess, the cholesterol can accumulate and form plaques, leading to blockages that may cause a heart attack. 

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are fats that come from foods you’ve eaten and are present in your body’s cells. When you eat, your body converts any calories it doesn’t need to use right away into triglycerides. They are then stored in your fat cells.

Saturated fats

Two types of fat are known to increase cholesterol levels, saturated and trans fats. 
Saturated fats can increase your LDL levels.

Saturated fat is mostly found in foods such as:

Milk

Cheese

Steak

Butter

Trans fats

Trans fats, or trans-fatty acids, are worse than saturated fats because they can raise your LDL levels and lower your HDL levels. Some trans fats are found naturally in animal products. Others are found in processed foods such as margarine and potato chips. Certain medical conditions can affect your cholesterol levels. High blood cholesterol levels can be caused by:

• Diabetes
• Hypothyroidism
• Metabolic syndrome
• Cushing’s syndrome
• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
• Kidney disease

Frequently Asked Questions

If you are still unsure about this test, here are some questions that we usually get asked.

Still need answers?

What do lipids do?

The main biological functions of lipids include storing energy, as lipids may be broken down to create large amounts of energy.

Why do we need lipids?

Lipids are an important part of a healthy diet. The body uses lipids to store energy, insulation and to make cell membranes.

What happens if my lipids are too high?

An excess amount of blood lipids can cause fat deposits in your artery walls, increasing your risk for heart disease.

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