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Liver diseases may not cause any specific signs or symptoms until it is advanced. Get tested. Take control of your health.


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Of liver diseases in hospitalised patients in Nigerian hospitals are a direct result of liver cirrhosis and primary liver cancer.


Nigerians suffer from chronic hepatitis infections.


Nigeria has one of the highest rates of liver disease in the world. It’s ranked 21 out of 183 countries.

The liver is the largest solid organ in the body.

The liver is the largest solid organ in the body. It removes toxins from the body’s blood supply, maintains healthy blood sugar levels, regulates blood clotting, and performs hundreds of other vital functions. It is located beneath the rib cage in the right upper abdomen.



  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Weight loss
  • Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
  • Discolored bodily discharge (dark urine or light stools)
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain 
  • Abnormal bruising or bleeding
  • Swelling of the feet
  • Swelling of the abdomen

Liver function tests can be used to:

  • Screen for liver disease, such as infections like viral hepatitis
  • Monitor the progression of a disease and determine how well a treatment is working
  • Assess the severity of liver disease
  • Monitor possible side effects of medications
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT): ALT is an enzyme found inside the cells of the liver. When the liver cells are injured or die, more ALT amounts are released into the bloodstream, and levels increase.
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST): AST is an enzyme that LT is an enzyme found inside the cells of the liver. When the liver cells are injured or die, more than usual ALT amounts are released into the bloodstream, and levels increase. Other cells have a significant amount of AST as well.
  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP): ALP is an enzyme found in the liver and bone. Higher-than-normal levels of ALP may indicate problems with the liver’s ability to remove waste substances from the body due to a blockage of the excretory channels in the liver. It could also be due to certain diseases of the bone..
  • Albumin and total protein: The majority of the proteins present in the blood are manufactured by the liver. Albumin is the most abundant of these proteins. The proteins in the blood perform numerous functions, including helping to fight infections. Lower-than-normal levels of albumin and total protein may indicate liver damage or disease.
  • Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a substance produced during the normal breakdown of red blood cells. The liver removes bilirubin from the body and passes it into the stool. Elevated bilirubin levels might indicate an increased rate of destruction of red cells or a disease limiting the liver’s ability to excrete them from the body.
  • Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT): Higher-than-normal levels of GGT may indicate problems with the liver’s ability to  remove waste substances from the body due to a blockage of the excretory channels in the liver. So. higher-than-normal levels may indicate liver or bile duct damage.

Frequently Asked Questions

If you are still unsure about this test, here are some questions that we usually get asked.

Still need answers?

What causes liver disease?

There are many causes, such as drug and alcohol abuse, viruses, hereditary defects, reactions to drugs and chemicals, and hygiene, to name a few.

Can liver damage be reversed?

The liver can regenerate after injury. Most organs in the body replace damage with scar tissue, but the liver can replace damaged tissue with new cells. However, the long-term complications of liver disease occur when regeneration is incomplete or prevented by the progressive development of scar tissue within the liver.

What is cirrhosis?

This is a condition when the healthy cells of the liver are slowly replaced by scar tissue which reduces the ability of the liver to carry out its important functions.


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We have had ISO 15189 international accreditation since 2006. Our vast experience in medical diagnostics ensures that we continue to set the benchmark for reliable, accurate, and quality analysis in Nigeria.

We are audited by an external body which ensures that we implement the highest ethical standards and international best practices.

SYNLAB was awarded the 'Private Laboratory Service Provider of the Year' in Nigeria award by the Nigeria Health Excellence Awards (NHEA).

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