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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus is one of the leading causes of disability and death among Nigerians. Don’t leave your health to chance. Get tested. Take control of your health.


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1 in 3

Deaths in Nigeria are directly due to non-communicable diseases (heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and chronic lung disease).


Hypertension is the most common cause of heart failure in Nigeria.


Nigeria has the highest number of diabetics in Sub-Saharan Africa.


Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy.

Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin acts like a key to letting the blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy.

If you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use the insulin it makes as well as it should. When there isn’t enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream. Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.



Symptoms related to diabetes: 

  • Frequent urination, often at night
  • Excessive thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excessive hunger not relieved by simply eating more food
  • Poor/blurry vision
  • Numb or tingling hands or feet
  • Constant fatigue
  • Sores that take long to heal
  • Frequent boils

Types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. It results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that unlocks the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. This form of diabetes usually affects children and young adults, although it can occur anytime. People with type 1 diabetes must use insulin from an injection or a pump to manage their diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. It usually begins as insulin resistance, a disorder in which the cells do not use insulin properly. As the need for insulin rises, the pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of glucose intolerance that is diagnosed in 2 to 10% of pregnant women. This form of diabetes is more common among obese women and women with a family history of diabetes.

Children whose mothers had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes. After pregnancy, 5% to 10% of women with gestational diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 20% to 50% chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5-10 years.

Frequently Asked Questions

If you are still unsure about this test, here are some questions that we usually get asked.

Still need answers?

What's the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is mostly caused by the body’s immune system attacking the insulin-producing organ, the pancreas leading to a reduction in the levels of insulin, while type 2 is a consequence of the body becoming resistant to normal levels of insulin, mainly due to lifestyle issues.

What is the relationship between diabetes and heart disease

High blood glucose from diabetes can damage your blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart and blood vessels. Over time, this damage can lead to heart disease. People with diabetes tend to develop heart disease at a younger age than people without diabetes.

What can I do to reduce the risk of diabetes?

Changes in lifestyle can prevent or at least delay type 2 diabetes. To reduce your risk of diabetes, you can make the following lifestyle changes, 

  • Eating fewer high-fat and high-calorie foods
  • Losing body weight (if overweight)
  • Increased physical activity (Exercising at least three times a week)



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Benefits of being a PathProvider registered user

  • Your profile is a secure personal space
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You can choose to get your entire family tested in the comfort of your own home. Choose a day and a time that is convenient for you, and we’ll send one of our trained professionals to your door.

No more sitting in traffic. Now you can manage your health in the comfort of your own home.


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We have had ISO 15189 international accreditation since 2006. Our vast experience in medical diagnostics ensures that we continue to set the benchmark for reliable, accurate, and quality analysis in Nigeria.

We are audited by an external body which ensures that we implement the highest ethical standards and international best practices.

SYNLAB was awarded the 'Private Laboratory Service Provider of the Year' in Nigeria award by the Nigeria Health Excellence Awards (NHEA).

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